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Overseas Policies to Promote the Development of New Energy Vehicles in 2022

Overseas Policies to Promote the Development of New Energy Vehicles in 2022


While China is vigorously developing new energy vehicles, overseas countries have also provided various subsidies and tax reduction policies for this market segment, and hope that in this way, the consumption trend of new energy vehicles in their own countries can be changed from policy-driven to purchase demand-driven. By 2022, what promotion policies will overseas countries provide for the new energy vehicle market?

The United States began to implement tax credit for new energy vehicles in 2022, and set several conditions for it. Among them, if an enterprise joins the UAW, the new energy vehicles manufactured by the enterprise can get an additional tax of $4,500. If the new energy vehicle uses American-made batteries, it can get another tax credit of $500; Starting from 2027, only new energy vehicles assembled in the United States with a battery capacity of at least 50kWh will be eligible for a basic tax credit of $7,500.

According to foreign media reports, in 2022, the average subsidy amount of each pure electric vehicle in Germany increased to 50,000-58,000 RMB, and the average subsidy amount of each plug-in hybrid vehicle also increased by 5,400-11,000 RMB; The maximum subsidy for each pure electric vehicle in France is about 86,000 yuan; The Netherlands subsidizes 32,000 RMB for each electric vehicle with a price lower than about 324,000 RMB.

According to the Japan Broadcasting Association, in order to increase the market share of electric vehicles, the Japanese government intends to double the subsidy for people who buy new electric vehicles from the spring of 2022, and the maximum subsidy can reach 800,000 yen (about 45,000 yuan).

At the beginning of the year, South Korea's Ministry of the Environment and the automobile industry revealed that only electric vehicles with a price of 55 million won (US$ 46,000) or less are eligible for full government subsidies this year, compared with electric vehicles with a price of 60 million won or less last year. According to the policy issued by the Ministry of Environment of Korea, the maximum subsidy for electric passenger cars in Korea will be reduced from 8 million won to 7 million won (US$ 5,900), and the maximum subsidy for small electric trucks will be reduced from 16 million won to 14 million won.

According to the draft policy document obtained by Bloomberg, the Thai government plans to provide 70,000 to 150,000 baht of bicycle subsidies for new energy vehicles, and the specific subsidy amount depends on the vehicle type. Compared with the consumption tax rate of 8% for traditional cars, new energy vehicles can enjoy a preferential tax rate of 2%. New energy vehicles imported into Thailand from 2022 to 2023 can enjoy a maximum of 60% of import tax. At the same time, the import of key components of new energy vehicles such as batteries can enjoy preferential policies of exemption from import tax.

It is noted from relevant reports that the Swedish government allocated 3.5 billion kronor (about 2.3 billion RMB) for subsidies for new energy vehicles in 2022. The new year has just passed one and a half months, and this money coupon is not enough. Since Sweden's subsidy for new energy vehicles was issued 6.5 months after the vehicle license plate was issued, it can also be considered that all the subsidized vehicles were purchased before August last year.

According to the data of Norwegian Road Traffic Information Committee (OFV), in 2021, Norwegian dealers sold a total of 176,276 vehicles, of which 65% were pure electric vehicles and 28% were hybrid vehicles. This achievement is closely related to Na Wei's measures to promote the use of electric vehicles, and the measures include reducing car purchase tax, license plate tax, annual car tax and parking fees in common places. Electric cars can also use the same lane as public transportation. However, due to tax relief, the Norwegian government had a financial gap of $3.41 billion in 2021. Last year, the Norwegian legislature discussed reducing the tax relief for electric vehicles, possibly imposing a 25% surcharge on electric vehicles with a price of more than 600,000 Norwegian kroner (about 435,000 RMB).

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